How Does IMF Make Money

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is an international organization that aims to promote global economic growth, financial stability, and reduce poverty around the world. It provides loans, technical assistance, and policy advice to its member countries in need.

The IMF is funded by its member countries, and it generates revenue in several ways.

In this article, we will discuss how the IMF makes money.

How IMF Makes or Generates Money

While IMF gets funding from member countries, it makes money from the following ways

  1. Quota subscriptions

The IMF generates most of its revenue from the quota subscriptions paid by its member countries. A quota is a financial contribution made by each member country, which determines the amount of funds that the IMF can lend to that country. The quota system is based on a country’s relative economic size, and it is reviewed periodically to reflect changes in the global economy. The larger a country’s quota, the larger its financial contribution to the IMF.

  1. Interest income

The IMF earns interest income on its loans to member countries. It charges a small amount of interest on the loans it provides, which helps to cover its operating expenses. The interest rate charged by the IMF is typically lower than what a member country would pay to borrow money from a commercial lender.

  1. Surcharge on borrowing

In addition to interest income, the IMF also charges a surcharge on borrowing by member countries. The surcharge is applied to loans that exceed a certain amount, and it helps to cover the cost of borrowing from other sources. The surcharge is usually waived for low-income countries.

  1. Investment income

The IMF also generates revenue from its investments. It invests its reserves in various financial instruments such as government bonds, corporate bonds, and equities. The income generated from these investments is used to support the IMF’s operations.

  1. Sales of gold

The IMF holds a significant amount of gold reserves, and it can sell gold in the open market to generate revenue. However, the IMF only sells gold under exceptional circumstances and with the approval of its member countries.


In conclusion, the IMF generates revenue from various sources, including quota subscriptions, interest income, surcharge on borrowing, investment income, and sales of gold. The organization uses these funds to provide financial assistance and policy advice to member countries in need, and to promote global economic growth and financial stability